Pancha kosanagaLai thaan aruththan;
Pancha thanmaathirai thaan kudithaan avan
Pancha vindhiyathai than jeyithaan.
(Refrain: ramana guru padham)
Pancha = five; boothangaL = elements; aruthaan = (he) cut; kosangaL (koshas) = sheaths; tanmatras = subtle elements, like touch; jeyithan = won over
Ramana, who is in the form of the five elements, is present everywhere (like the elements). But he has cut the five sheaths covering the body. He has swallowed the five subtle elements called tanmatras, and has won over the five sense organs.
Bhagavan’s death experience as a young boy in his uncle’s home in Madurai made him transcend all the human afflictions that we suffer from owning to the play of the three gunas and the five sense organs and the five elements. Which is why SV declares Bhagavan has not only won over the senses, but has swallowed the tanmatras and cut through teh five sheaths that bind us mortals.
The five elements are Earth, Water, Fire, Air, Space.
The human body, according to scriptures and Ayurveda, is covered by five sheaths called koshas, from the grossest to the subtest, namely, Annamaya kosha, Pranamaya kosha, Manaomaya kosha, Vijnanamaya kosha and Anandamaya kosha. Annamaya kosha corresponds to the gross physical body. Anna means food, since the body s sustained by food, it is called annamaya kosha. Next is Pranamaya kosha. Prana is the subtle energy or life-force that drives all our actions without which there is no life. Manaomaya is about manas, that is the thinking mind. Next comes Vijnanamaya which is the sheath of discernment or Buddhi. Finally we come to Anandamaya which is bliss sheath.
The Pancha tanmatras are sound vibration, texture, form, flavour and smell, each corresponding to the five sensory organs of perception.
Panchednriyas are the five senses, namely, sight, sound, touch, smell and taste corres